What is Sufi Path (Tariqa)?

Sufism is the heritage of the excellences of the outer practices and the spirituality of our Prophet (peace be upon him) to his Ummah (Muslims). Prophet of Allah is saying that:

“Prophets neither leave money nor drachma as heritage but their heritage is ilim*.” (Abu Dawud; Ibn-i Mâja; Dârimî; Müsned-i Imâm Ahmed.)

* Ilim is a deep sufi term with an all encompassing meaning. All kinds of knowledge, understanding and wisdom as well as all the spiritual experiences and states and knowledge and realization of Allah is within its domain. Allah has infinite ilim and all existence is within Allah’s ilim. One of the beautiful names of Allah is Alim meaning knows and comprehends everything.

“Alim‟s** are inheritors of the Prophets.” (Buharî; Abu Dawud.)

**Alim is again a concept related to the explanation of Ilim explained above. Prophets leave ilim as heritage and inheritors of this are called Alim. Alim was mentioned above as a name of Allah Almighty. Allah Almighty has infinte and perfect ilim. Alim are people who inherit outer and inner knowledge, understanding and wisdom from the prophets.

“The best heritage a father can leave to his child is good manners.” (Tirmidhi)

Sufism, as was the case with other Islamic sciences, has first become systematic, then, it has been institutionalized. Sufi paths are the way Sufism has interacted with the society in a systematic manner after being institutionalized.
Sufi paths; are a struggle of people to shape their lives by coming together around a Murshid-i Kamil (Sufi Master is the common name given to Murshid-i Kamil in English speaking world. Although, it is in no way truly representative of the real meaning of this Sufi term. This person has to have a full lineage reaching to) who is reminding Allah when seen and making the Prophet‟s way continue with his life.
the Prophet SAS. He has to have the approval of a grandmaster. The explanation of this term deserves a full chapter in its own right. The sipiritual states are well explained in Sufism, they are steps toward perfection. This person is best understood with the spiritual states and experiences in mind. Murshid-i Kamil is a person that has the approval of at least one other Murshid-i Kamil and hence his authorization to being such, this way, lineage goes back to the Prophet PBUH.
Sufi paths have first emerged during the times of the the tabiun and the tebe-i tabiun (The followers of the Prophet PBUH are called the companions. The followers of the companions are called the tabiun. Followers of the tabiun are called tebe-i tabiun)
After this period, Sufism became more noticeable as an accumulation of shapes and behaviours via Sufi paths. Sufi paths have been spreading rapidly in the Islamic world ever since they have emerged; they have played an important role in the growth of Islam due to their approach which is mild and bringing forth love.
Some of the main Sufi paths that have been widely accepted in Islamic societies are:
Qadiriyyah, Mawlaviyyah, Nakshibandiyyah, Abhariyyah, Rufaiyyah, Tayfuriyyah, Shazaliyyah, Suhravardiyyah, Sa‟diyyah, Malamiyyah Madyaniyyah, Halvatiyyah, Shamsiyyah, Jamaliyyah, Ahmadiyyah, Rushaniyyah, Adhamiyyah, Dasukiyyah, Chistiyyah, Junaydiyyeah, Jalvatiyyah, Bayramiyyah, Badaviyyah…etc

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