The way of Sufism and being a dervish is submission to the sheik. The
submission of a murid (sufi term for the one asking for) is:
Abraham PBUH has said to Ishmael PBUH:
“My son! Allah almighty has inspired me to sacrifice you for him. I will obey the divine command and sacrifice you.”
Ishmael PBUH:
“My dear father! I can not disobey the command of Allah almighty, I will submit myself to it. However, when you cut me your compassion and feelings would come out, for that reason, tie my hands and feet so that I do not give you grief. Also, do cut me from my neck so that you do not hesitate to obey the divine command. Also, my mother loves me a lot. Do not give grief to her heart, say my greetings to her and tell about what happened with soft words by stressing the divine command was such.”(1)
Muslim has to submit himself to Haq. (A Sufi term as well as being one of the names of Allah. It is one of the most important names in Sufism. A complicated and complex name that covers a lot to do with Sufism. Its short
meaning is, the one who can not be denied.) When Abraham PBUH was being thrown into fire, the angels of lower and higher heavens became sad and begged Allah Almighty:
“A servant was praying and obeying you. He knew you and he was in recognition of you. Will you let such a calamity to be put on Abraham and get thrown into fire in such a society that is in such a disobedience and in such unbelief?”
Allah Almighty:
Says, “I have divine wisdom.” As soon as Abraham was thrown into fire from a catapult, he has sent the angels for help. Angels are coming to Abraham PBUH. Angel of Floods says: “Let me turn this fire into a water lake by blowing”, the angel of wind says: “ let me make this fire vanish by scattering it”.
Abraham recites the prayer of: “Hasbiyallahu ve Ni‟me‟l-vekîl” “Allah is enough for me, He is such a nice representative” (Al-I Imran, 173). As Abraham PBUH has accepted the representation of Allah Almighty, divine statement comes as; “O fire! Change your character against Abraham! Be cool (bardan) and do not cause feeling of cold (salamen). If the command of “salam” had not come, Abraham would have frozen in the fire. Fire also change its character to the one who is submitted himself to Allah. Everything becomes a friend to the one who becomes friend to Allah.
When murid (the one asking for) submits himself to his murshid (the one showing the way), he submits himself to the Prophet of Allah and to Allah. Allah Almighty commands, “whoever obeys the Prophet, obeys Allah”(2). This submission becomes valuable by murid having primarily those qualities:
Murid will be attributed with the attributes of the Prophet. This is only possible by concentrating on the Prophet‟s behaviour and life and striking for living like that.
Allah Almighty commands:
“Twice will they be given their reward, for that they have persevered, that they avert Evil with Good, and that they spend (in charity) out of what We have given them. And when they hear vain talk, they turn away therefrom and say: „To us our deeds, and to you yours; peace be to you: we seek not the ignorant.“(3)
For this reason Sufis must overlook the unfit behaviours of the people and again as Allah Almighty commands: “And the servants of (Allah) Most Gracious are those who walk on the earth in humility, and when the ignorant address them, they say, „Peace! Those who witness no falsehood, and, if they pass by futility, they pass by it with honourable (avoidance)”.(4) This means Sufis must not argue or conflict with those who do not know themselves. The moral principles necessary for one who has joined the way of ahlullah (people of Allah) are:
Submission, Sidq (truthfulness), Contentment, encouraging the good and discouraging the bad, repentance and turning from sins, attachment to truth, friendship with the friends of Allah, to accept the way of Allah with vision, to move in the foot steps of the friends of Allah, tablig (invitation to religion), patience, prayer, visiting graveyards and preparing for the hereafter, loving the Ahli Beyt (family of the Prophet) and serving them, reading the publications of Master Sayyid Muhammad and attending his conversations, to do Mushavara (consultation), to get away from the love of the world and humbleness.

Submission to sheik is the main reason for murid to mature. The Sufis with full submission reach to the station of fenafish-sheik. The precondition of this is Sufi loosing his willpower in the willpower of the sheik. Only after this, Sufis rise to the station of “beka-billah”, station by station. Those whose submission is incomplete can not enter through the doors of Marifatullah(knowledge of Allah, divine knowledge) but they will not be deprived of the reward of the worship acts they performed(worship acts are any kind of good deeds in this context denoted by the Islamic term Sawab).
The aim of submission is healing the deceases of pride and jealousy. Because; the deceases of pride and jealousy are the source of all the sins. Satan has only been excluded from the Rahmat (compassion and salvation) of Allah for having these two traits. The biggest harm of those two bad attributes is their damage to human creation. As, the organs which lost their natural characteristics only give decease to the body and the soul. It is clearly understandable that the manifestation of Rahman (name of Allah) would not have an impact on a heart which has lost its character of creation. Allah Almighty commands: “…Their harts have been sealed. For this reason, they understand not. “(5)
“Then seest thou such a one as takes as his god his own vain desire? Allah has, knowing (him as such), left him astray, and sealed his hearing and his heart (and understanding), and put a cover on his sight. Who, then, will guide him after Allah (has withdrawn Guidance)? Will ye not then receive admonition?(6)”

1 story in Chapter Saffât , verses 102-8.
2 Nisa, verse 80.
3 Qassas, verses 54-5.
4 Furqan, Ayet 63,72.
5 Chapter Al-Tauba, verse 87.
6 Al- Jathiya, verse 23.

Kommentare sind geschlossen.